Licensing the Victualler of the pubs in Maulden, 1820's

More can be read on this earlier post about our ancestors, Philip Hallworth and his nephew Jonathan Hallworth. They were publicans at the Dog & Badger of Maulden, Bedfordshire from 1822 until around 1864.

Here in this post, we have some more material for you about the licensees of this pub in Maulden, courtesy of some fascinating documents from the marvellous Bedfordshire Archives (BLARS).
  I have also to pay grateful thanks to a distant cousin, Barbara who was kind enough to make these images available to us after her recent visit there.

So here are the bare facts about the Alehouse Licenses held at the archives for the Dog & Badger:

Dog & Badger, Badger Hill [1797 sold by William Stone and others; then Morris & Company; then J.W.Green; then Flowers; then Whitbread] Licensees
1822-1828: Philip Holsworth or Hallworth;
1853-1864: Jonathan Hallworth;
1864-1903: George Sharp;
1903-1905: Jane Sharp;
1905-1935: Horace Walpole;
1935-1943: Reginald Edwin Hall;
1943-1946: John Blagg;
1946-1954: Edwin Alfred Lloyd;
1954-1957: Thomas Gobby;
1957-1959: Frank Noel Gomm;
1967-1982: Ronald Kenneth Masters;
1982-1986: Irene Marie Alkman and Peter Christopher Alkman;
1986-1995: Patricia Josephine Mortimer and Peter Allen Mortimer.

You can read more general info about alehouse licenses here, or very thoroughly in this document here.
Click here for an article on victuallers from the Pub History Society.
See "Boozing in the Archives" from the BLARS pages, here.

And then here we can see an actual cover from a License document {BLARS ref CLP13}: click on the image to enlarge it. (Beautiful handwriting, and the mention of George II and III really brings home how far back in time we have wandered, here!)

Details from the inside of the earliest one (1822-3) are seen here: look for Maulden to see our Philip Hallworth. You'll see that a surety (bond) of  30 pounds was offered by a Miller of Maulden; one Charles Hallworth (more info on him on this page here). Also interesting that he put up the surety for the victualler of the White Hart, Maulden, too - Edward Dowdeswell.

In other years a different gent offered surety for the Dog, and our Charles Hallworth offered surety for other Maulden pubs on occasion. It seems they took turns!

In 1824-25, a Butcher from Gravenhurst put up the sureties for all the Maulden pubs; Wm Hare.

In 1826-27, our Charles was voting for the George {had he fallen out with his brother??!} and John Brightman (a yeoman) was voting for the Dog.
He was family, too - Barbara points out that, "John Brightman dealt with surety in 1826-27. He is very likely to be the father of James Brightman, who married Sarah Hallworth. He lived c.1785-1834, and was a Gardener in Maulden, at Green End Farm."

Another from CLP13 from the year 1827-28:

You can see that Charles & Philip seem to have made up!  The law change in 1828 meant that these records were no longer kept in such a way, so that's it.


  1. Anonymous10:07

    Hi Lisa,
    I am related to Horace Walpole's wife who was licensee of the dog and badger 1905-1935. Her name was Annie Boston and she was the little sister of my great grandad. She was born in Wilstead. I am researching my family tree and I also have Ellen Cox who married Phillip Hallworth and they had a farm in Houghon Conquest. At the time the Cox family ran the bakery, the butchers and the Red Lion pub in Wilstead. There is a stained glass window in All Saints Church dedicated to them.
    Pat Boston

  2. Thanks very much, Pat - that's very interesting. Do get in touch and I'll look into it further when I get some more time!
    MrsTrellis (AT) snailmail (DOt) com


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